Sardines are typically marine coastal fish. They form large schools of up to 10 million and are often associated with mackerel, hake and anchovy. These fish can make vast shoals of more than 4 miles long, 1 mile wide and 100ft deep. They feed on small planktonic animals (mainly crustaceans) and scatter large numbers of pelagic eggs from which planktonic larvae hatch. Pacific sardines grow to a maximum of 16 inches and their life span is about 13 years. They reach sexual maturity when they are smaller (aged about 2). Females grow faster than males. Sardine is one of the cool-water genera which mainly dominates the clupeoid catches.
Russia has international agreements on fishery cooperation with several West African countries including Morocco, Mauritania, Guinea Bissau, Senegal and Angola.
Year | Landings by all countries in metric tons
|2007 | 1,019K|
|2008 | 1,070K|
|2009 | 1,252K|
|2010 | 1,250K|
|2011 | 1,037K|
Nutrition values 100g edible weight
|Water||67.7 g||Total lipid (fat)||9.2 g|
|Calories||165 kcal||Omega-3||2 mg|