Mature blue whiting is found in the open sea, most often near the surface or in mid water, but can also be found at depths of 1,000 metres. Migrations are irregular and probably controlled by ocean currents and temperatures.
Historically, the blue whiting fishery has been an important source in the production of fishmeal and oil, and was significant for the European salmonid aquaculture.
On 16 December 2005, after six years of negotiations, the coastal states of the EU, the Faroe Islands, Iceland and Norway reached consensus on the management and allocation of the vital blue whiting stocks through the agreed conclusions on fisheries consultations. A related NEAFC regulation for 2006 was also adopted. Initiatives by the industry organisations in Norway and several other countries made a significant contribution to the solution on blue whiting.
In November 2008, the coastal states agreed to implement a long-term management plan from 2011 onwards, with a significant reduction (35%) in fishing mortality. The plan was designed to be in accordance with the precautionary approach (in the long-term). However the long-term management plan today is subject to revision and is not finally agreed by the parties. The decisions on the total quota are taken on ad hoc basis as Ad Hoc Agreements for Regulation of Fisheries of Blue Whiting.
Year | Annual catch by all countries in metric tons
|2008 | 1,283K|
|2009 | 640K|
|2010 | 551K|
|2011 | 108K|
Nutrition values 100g edible weight
|Water||80 g||Total lipid (fat)||0.4 g|
|Calories||72 kcal||Omega-3||0.1 g|