It is streamlined and fast-swimming, known for extensive migrations. Abundant in cold and temperate shelf areas, it forms large schools near the surface. It spends the winter in deeper waters but moves closer to shore in spring when water temperatures range between 11–14°C. A common size for adults is from 35 cm to 45 cm, but it can reach 60 cm in length.
The parties agree on the total quota and the distribution of quantities between themselves and the NEAFC (North East Atlantic Fisheries Commission) each year. The quotas of Iceland and Russia are allocated within NEAFC. In October 2008 Norway, the EU and the Faroe Islands agreed to implement a new long-term management plan. ICES concluded that the plan was precautionary on the basis that the TAC equals the total removals from the stock. The new agreement between the three parties sets out the TAC for 2015-2018 will be based on the level advised by ICES. This level will be in relation to the revised long-term management plan to be established by the parties during 2014.
Year | Total landings by all countries in metric tons
|2007 | 567K|
|2008 | 611K|
|2009 | 707K|
|2010 | 887K|
|2011 | 945K|
Nutrition values 100g edible weight
|Water||64 g||Total lipid (fat)||16.1 g|
|Calories||220 kcal||Omega-3||1.8 g|