The mackerel is a streamlined and fast-swimming fish known for extensive migrations. It grows rapidly and is usually around 15 cm in the first autumn after spawning in spring. It reaches sexual maturity at the age of 2 to 3, then around 30 cm long. The common size for adults is from 35 cm to 45 cm, but they can reach 60 cm in length. The mackerel feeds on a variety of pelagic animals, mostly crustaceans and fish juveniles.
It usually lives at a depth of 100 to 200 metres, but during the winter season can descend to 1000 metres.
Russia has international agreements on fishery cooperation with several West African countries including Morocco, Mauritania, Guinea Bissau, Senegal and Angola.
Year | Annual catch by all countries in metric tons
|2007 | 204K|
|2008 | 184K|
|2009 | 243K|
|2010 | 206K|
|2011 | 206K|
Nutrition values 100g edible weight
|Water||67.7 g||Total lipid (fat)||9.2 g|
|Calories||165 kcal||Omega-3||2 mg|