It lives in the temperate and colder waters of the North Pacific where it is the basis of one of the largest commercial fisheries in the world.
Alaska pollock lives close to the bottom at 30-400 metres and feeds from ground-based seafood such as sandeel, herring and small salmon.
It can start spawning at around 3-4 years of age and 30-40 cm long, and can produce from 500,000 up to 15m eggs. Some fish grow up to 80 cm long and live for around 15 years.
Harvesting of Alaska pollock is mainly with pelagic trawls. The majority is prepared and frozen immediately on board as fillets, industrial blocks, surimi, headed and gutted or round-frozen. However, some of the catch is also landed fresh.
The Russia Sea of Okhotsk pollock fishery was MSC certified in 2013 under the number MML-F-152.
Year | Landings of Alaska pollock by Russian vessels in metric tons
|1999 | 1500K||2002 | 827K||2005 | 961K||2008 | 1318K||2011 | 1580K||2014 | 1534K|
|2000 | 1215K||2003 | 1055K||2006 | 1021K||2009 | 1326K||2012 | 1632K|
|2001 | 1145K||2004 | 849K||2007 | 1218K||2010 | 1584K||2013 | 1675K|
*TAC Source: FAO, TINRO
Composition of food per 100g edible portion
|Energy||314 kcal (354 kJ)|
|Saturated fat||16.7 g|
Source: Fisch Informationszentrum e.V., Germany